The Reconstruction Amendments: 13 XIII, 14 XIV, 15 XV | By Ricco Slade

Amendment 13 (XIII): {Proposed by Congress January 31, 1865; ratified December 6th 1865)
Slavery Abolished; Section One: Neither Slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a
punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the
United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction. Section Two: Congress shall have power
to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

Amendment 14 (XIV): {Proposed by Congress June 13, 1866; ratified July 9th, 1866)
Citizenship rights not to be abridged; Section One: All persons born or naturalized in the United
States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State
wherein they reside. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges
immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of Life,
Liberty, or Property, without due process of Law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction
the equal protection of the laws. Section Two: Representatives shall be apportioned among the
several states according to their respective numbers, counting the whole number of persons in
each state, excluding Indians not taxed. But when the right to vote at any election for the choice
of electors for President and Vice President of the United States, Representatives in Congress,
the Executive and Judicial officers of a State, or the members of the Legislature thereof, is
denied to any of the male inhabitants of such state, being Twenty One (now Eighteen) years of
age, and citizens of the United States, or in anyway abridged, except for participation in
rebellion, or other Crime, the basis of representation therein shall be reduced in the proportion
which the number of such male citizens shall bear to the whole number of male citizens
Eighteen years of age in such State. Section Three: No person shall be a Senator or
Representative in Congress, or elector of President and Vice President, or hold any office, civil,
or military, under the United States, or under any State, who, having previously taken an oath,
as a member of Congress, or as an officer of the United States, or as a member of any State
legislature, or as an executive or judicial officer of any State, to support the Constitution of the
United States, shall have engaged in insurrection or rebellion against the same, or given aid or
comfort to the enemies thereof. But Congress may by vote of ⅔ opf each House, remove such
disability. Section Four: The validity of the public debt of the United States, authorized by Law,
including debts incurred for payment of pensions and bounties for services in suppressing
insurrections or rebellion, shall not be questioned. But neither the United States nor any State
shall assume or pay any debt or obligation incurred in aid of insurrection or rebellion against the
United States, or any claim for the loss or emancipation of any slave; but all such debts,
obligations and claims shall be held illegal and void. Section Five: The Congress shall have
power to enforce, by appropriate legislation, the provisions of this article.

Amendment 15 (XV):{Proposed by Congress February 26 1869; ratified February 3 1870} Race
no bar to voting rights; Section One: The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not
be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or
previous condition of servitude. Section Two: The Congress shall have power to enforce this
article appropriate legislation.

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